（2019年2月12日）根据美国人力资源管理协会(Society for Human Resource Management)日前发布的《2019年职场状况》(2019 State of Workplace)报告，技能差距正在扩大并令就业市场吃紧。
美国人力资源管理协会主席兼首席执行官Johnny C. Taylor, Jr. 表示: “63%的美国人认为，雇主在招聘过程中遇到的困难已经存在一段时间了——劳动力中存在技能短缺。”“现在清楚的是，我们需要创新思维和果断行动，而且公共政策必须改变。”
SKILLS SHORTAGE TIGHTENS JOB MARKET, 83% REPORT RECRUITING DIFFICULTY: SHRM
(Feb.12, 2019, ）The skills gap is widening and tightening the job market, according to the Society for Human Resource Management’s 2019 State of the Workplace report released today.
According to one survey used in the report, 52% of HR professionals said that the skills gap has worsened or greatly worsened in the past two years. Additionally, 83% said they have noticed a decrease in the quality of job applicants, with one-third citing a lack of needed technical skills.
The gap is evident in the trades, middle-skilled positions and highly skilled STEM positions, according to the report. Carpentry, plumbing, welding and machining are the technical abilities most lacking in the workforce. Data analysis, science, engineering, medical and finance talent is also in short supply.
While about three-quarters of survey respondents said foreign-born workers contribute positively to US economic growth and help drive innovation, more than one-third said their businesses were challenged by an insufficient number of employment-based visas, such as H-1Bs, to recruit these workers. Additionally, one-third said the employment-based immigration process was lengthy and complex with unpredictable results.
“A majority of Americans, 63%, believe what employers facing difficulty in recruiting have known for some time — there is a skills shortage in the workforce,” SHRM President and CEO Johnny C. Taylor, Jr. said. “What is now clear is that innovative thinking and resolute action are needed, and public policy must change.”